OECD: Dialogue on Trade in Brazil -- New Challenges in International Trade

Data: 
Tue, 21/11/2017 - 08:30 - 18:30
Local: 
Fundação Getúlio Vargas - SP
Sala: 
Auditorium Itaú, Av. Nove de Julho, 2029

Dialogue on Trade in Brazil

New Challenges in International Trade

 

 

 

21 November 2017

Auditorium Itaú, FGV, Av. Nove de Julho, 2029, São Paulo

 

 

Context

 

Transformations in global trade from global value chains and digitalisation are bringing new opportunities for participation in international trade. At the same time, the external environment is challenging, with persistently slow trade - and global - growth and rising protectionist sentiment. These developments underscore the need to connect trade to domestic economic policy, to promote the domestic reforms that enable opportunities to be seized and processes of adjustment managed, helping trade to contribute to more inclusive growth and employment. Against this background, it is timely to look again at the issues and challenges for policy-making, globally and in Brazil. 

 

Programme

 

08h30-09h00

Registration & Welcome coffee

 

09h00-09h45

Opening Session

 

Ambassador Carlos Márcio Cozendey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MRE)

Marcelo Pacheco dos Guaranys, Deputy Minister for Public Policies, Ministry of Chief of Staff

Fernando Alcaraz, Undersecretary for Regional Integration and Foreign Trade, Ministry of Finance (MF)

Ken Ash, Director of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Vera Thorstensen, Professor, Center for Global Trade and Investment (CCGI-EESP/FGV)

 

 

09h45-10h45

Agricultural Trade:

Changes in global agricultural markets and policies since the end of the Uruguay Round suggest that it is timely to look again at what this means for priorities in the multilateral agricultural trade reform agenda. Global value chains in food and agriculture are another important development and discussion could explore Brazil's current role, the policies that affect participation, and how to increase the benefits from participation.

 

Ken Ash, Director of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Alexandre Pontes Pontes, Nontariff Negotiations Division, Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Supply (MAPA)

Lígia Dutra Silva, Head of International Office, Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock (CNA)

Roberto Rodrigues, Professor, Agribusiness Studies Center (GV-Agro - EESP/FGV)

 

10h45-11h00

Coffee-Break

 

 

 

 

11h00-12h00

Global Value Chains:

On-going OECD work examining the impact on GVC participation of Rules of Origin and Non-Tariff Measures in FTAs, the determinants of participation of SMEs in GVCs, and in-depth analysis of selected sectors may include additional insights for Brazil.

 

Julia Nielson Head of the Development Division, Trade and Agriculture Directorate (OECD)

José Serrador, Director of Government Relations, EMBRAER

José Augusto Correa, Center for Entrepreneurship and New Business (GVCENN - EAESP/FGV)

 

12h00-13h00

Services:

Contribute significantly to all our economies and represent an under exploited potential in Brazil to sustain productivity gains and international competitiveness. Areas with important potential for regulatory reform include improvements in the general business and trading environment, as well as specific policies in transport sectors, telecoms and financial services. Reforms targeting services that add value by favouring productivity and quality enhancements, as well as services that increase efficiency by reducing production costs have strong potential to unlock manufacturing performance.

 

Ken Ash, Director of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Jorge Arbache Filho, Secretary for International Affairs, Ministry of Planning, Management and Budget (MPOG)

João Augusto Baptista Neto, Special Advisor, Foreign Trade Council (CAMEX)

Lucas Ferraz, Professor, São Paulo School of Economics (EESP/FGV)

 

 

13h00-13h45

Light lunch

 

 

13h45-14h45

Trade and investment:

Investment can drive competitiveness by streamlining sector-level regulatory frameworks to encourage foreign entry and competition, and pursuing cross-cutting improvements in the trade and business environment. In Brazil, for example, programs promoting private investments in transport and logistics infrastructure can be coupled with efforts to improve clarity in the tendering process for concessions, as well as a development of the capacity and independence of regulatory agencies overseeing infrastructure owners and users. Similarly, reforming local content requirements can address the lack of competition that curtails innovation and inflates manufacturing inputs costs. On-going OECD work on trade and investment interdependencies aims to better understand how firm strategies combine a range of commercial activities, the distortions that influence firm decision-making and policies that can support structural adjustment while mitigating negative impacts.

 

Ken Ash, Director of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Constanza Negri Biasutti, Trade Policy Manager, National Confederation of Industry Brazil (CNI)

 

14h45-15h45

Digital trade:

Digitalisation is changing what and how we trade with wide-ranging implications for trade policy. Issues range from increased bundling of goods and services and increased volumes of small parcel trade to interoperability of standards and regulations affecting data flows. Discussion could focus on mapping and understanding the implications of digital trade for policy-makers. Work related to ICT and agriculture (e.g., for traceability) may also be of particular interest for Brazil.

 

Julia Nielson, Head of the Development Division, Trade and Agriculture Directorate (OECD)

Thiago Camargo Lopes, Secretary for Informatics Policies, Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MCTIC)

Marcelo Souza, Deputy Chief of SAG, Ministry of Chief of Staff

Carlos Primo Braga, Professor, Fundação Dom Cabral (FDC)

 

15h45-16h45

Trade Facilitation: Goods, Services and Investments

OECD has conducted an in-depth study on the state of play of trade facilitation in Brazil, based on the OECD Trade Facilitation Indicators (TFIs). The study highlights the overall TF performance of Brazil, as well as sectoral and regional performance differences. While Brazil has made significant progress in areas such as the automation and streamlining of procedures, opportunities to improve performance remain in domestic and cross-border agency co-operation. TF reforms are also important for participation in high- and medium-high tech GVCs, for which Brazil’s current level of integration appears below potential.

 

Julia Nielson, Head of the Development Division, Trade and Agriculture Directorate (OECD)

Abrão Miguel Árabe Neto, Secretary of Foreign Trade (SECEX), Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services (MDIC)

Thomaz Zanotto, Director of the Department of Trade and Foreign Affairs (DEREX), Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo (FIESP)

 

 

16h45-17h00

Closing Session

Farewell Coffee.

Signups closed for this Evento

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